Ghana cannot achieve the universal access of electricity by 2020, the Institute of Energy Security (IES), has said.
According to the Executive Director of the (IES) Paa Kwasi Anamua Sakyi (Nana Amoasi VII), 31 years after the establishment of a 30-year National Electrification Scheme (NES), there still exists a substantial deficit in electricity access in Ghana.
The 30-year National Electrification Scheme (NES) was instituted in 1989 to achieve universal access to reliable electricity supply by 2020. The baseline at the time the policy was rolled out, showed a national electricity access of about 25 per cent, with only 5 per cent rural penetration.
In a write-up on the need for Ghana to deploy renewables to achieve universal electricity access by 2025, Mr Anamua Sakyi said: “It is evidently clear that with the current growth rate, it is practically impossible to achieve universal access by end 2020”.
“And the admission of this fact is what has led to the government of Ghana revising its target, and seeking to develop new strategies to push the boundaries to achieve the goal of universal access by year 2025.”
“Thirty-one years after the policy was instituted, there still exists a substantial deficit in electricity access in Ghana. The current electrification rate is about 85 per cent, a bit far off the target, with no improvement in sight”.
Data from the Energy Commission of Ghana also showed that at the end of 2000, electricity access rate stood at 45 per cent, suggesting an annual growth rate of approximately 2 per cent.
By the end of 2010, the country had achieved an access rate of 67 per cent; indicating an annual growth rate of 2.2 per cent.
Also, the annual growth rate between the next six years that followed (2010 and 2016) as recorded by the Energy Commission, was 2.7 per cent.
The trajectory, Mr Anamua Sakyi said, shows an incremental annual growth in electricity access.
However, over the last three years (between 2016 and 2019) the annual electricity access growth rate has seen substantial decline from 2.7 per cent to a paltry 0.6 per cent.
As of the end of 2019, the country had obtained a national electricity access rate of 85 per cent. If the country had maintained just the annual rate of roughly 2.7 per cent, electricity access rate would have been somewhere around 92 per cent today; comparable to other countries outside the sub-Saharan African and Asian band.